Volume 19 Issue 03 - Publications Date: 1 March 2000
Computing Camera Viewpoints in an Active Robot Work Cell
S. Abrams IBM T. J. Watson Research Center , P.K. Allen Department of Computer Science, Columbia University and K. Tarabanis University of Macedonia
This paper presents a dynamic sensor-planning system that is capable of planning the locations and settings of vision sensors for use in an environment containing objects moving in known ways. The key component of this research is the computation of the camera position, orientation, and optical settings to be used over a time interval. A new algorithm is presented for viewpoint computation which ensures that the feature-detectability constraints of focus, resolution, field of view, and visibility are satisfied. A five-degree-of-freedom Cartesian robot carrying a CCD camera in a hand/eye configuration and surrounding the work cell of a Puma 560 robot was constructed for performing sensor-planning experiments. The results of these experiments, demonstrating the use of this system in a robot work cell, are presented.
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