Volume 19 Issue 05 - Publications Date: 1 May 2000
Discrete-Time Lyapunov Design for Neuroadaptive Control of Elastic-Joint Robots
C.J.B. Macnab University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies G.M.T. D'Eleuterio
A neural-network controller operating in discrete time is shown to result in stable trajectory tracking for rigid and elastic-joint robots. The technique assumes continuous-time state feedback. The proof of stability uses discrete-time Lyapunov functions. For the elastic-joint case, a discrete-time version of the adaptive backstepping technique is used. The result is that the neural network can be run at a very slow control rate, suitable for online calculations. The neural network used is referred to as the CMAC-RBF Associative Memory (CRAM), a modification of Albus's Cerebellar Model Arithmetic Computer (CMAC) algorithm using radial basis functions (RBFs). Simulation results are provided for a two-link planar elastic-joint robot and show that performance can be improved by using a larger network at a slower control rate.
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