Volume 20 Issue 06 - Publications Date: 1 June 2001
An Orientation-Based Pruning Tool to Speed Up Contact Determination between Translating Polyhedral Models
P. Jiménez Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial and C. Torras
Contact determination in terms of edge-face intersection tests permits handling nonconvex polyhedra directly, without decomposing them into convex entities, which saves the decomposition time and avoids having to deal with fictitious features but requires checking all possible pairings. However, by considering only translations and departing from a noninterfering situation, the number of pairings to be checked decreases drastically. The set of critical pairings can be determined efficiently using the spherical face orientation graph (SFOG), a representation developed by the authors. An algorithm to exploit the SFOG in convex settings provides controlled evidence of the pruning potential of this approach: the number of critical pairings grows linearly with the complexity of the polyhedra, instead of quadratically as the total number of pairings does. Experiments with a similar algorithm on nonconvex settings confirm the expected potential of the approach: for workpieces with many concavities moving in close proximity, the contact determination procedure presented in this paper performs one order of magnitude faster than RAPID, at the expense of a much higher preprocessing time.
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