Volume 20 Issue 12 - Publications Date: 1 December 2001
Self-Excited Walking of a Biped Mechanism
K. Ono, R. Takahashi Department of Mechanical and Control Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology and T. Shimada Fujitsu Limited, Kawasaki, Japan
The authors studied the self-excited walking of a four-link biped mechanism that possesses an actuated hip joint and passive knee joints with stoppers. They showed that the self-excitation control enables the three-degree-of-freedom planar biped model to walk on level ground by numerical simulation. From the parameter study, it was found that stable walking locomotion is possible over a wide range of feedback gain and link parameter values and that the walking period is almost independent of the feedback gain. Various characteristics of the self-excited walking of a biped mechanism were examined in relation to leg length, and length and mass ratios of the shank. Next, a biped mechanism was manufactured similar to the analytical model. After parameter modification, the authors demonstrated that the biped robot can perform natural dynamic walking on a plane with a 0.8 degree inclination. The simulated results also agree with the experimental walking locomotion.
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