Volume 20 Issue 12 - Publications Date: 1 December 2001
Suboptimal Multiple Model Filter for Mobile Robot Localization
M. Oussalah K.U. of Leuven
The problem of mobile robot localization by using sensor information appeals to different communities since the need for accurate position has become crucial for many robot subtasks. The Kalman filter (KF) has been acknowledged as an appropriate tool for a suitable dynamic combination of the different measurements using the state and measurement models. However, when there are discrete uncertainties about the models, without additional restrictions, the performance of KF degrades drastically as the predicted estimate tends to be updated by a wrong measurement. This paper focuses on a suboptimal multiple model filter to deal with the associated measurement/ model. Experimental and simulated results are achieved, which prove the feasibility of the proposal. The experimental setup consists of a structured environment constituted of elementary features such as walls and corners, while a possibly unmodeled obstacle may be encountered. The robot is equipped with odometry and a set of ultrasonic sensors.
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