Volume 22 Issue 10/11- Publication Date: 1 October 2003
Grasping and Tracking Using Constant Curvature Dynamic Contours
D.P. Perrin Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA, E. Kadioglu, S.A. Stoeter and N. Papanikolopoulos Center for Distributed Robotics, Department of Computer Science and Engoneering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

In this paper we present our constant curvature dynamic contours (snakes) and three applications of these: visual servoing and grasping, occluding contour depth extraction, and localization of miniature mobile robots. For the first application, a novel deformable contour model is implemented for the automatic determination of plausible grasp axes of unknown objects using an eye-in-hand robotic system. The system finds potential grasp point pairs, ranks them based upon measurements taken from the contour, and executes a vision-guided grasp using the highest ranked grasp point pair to determine the gripper alignment. Our method is based upon statistical active deformable models. We have developed a new snake model that is applicable to real-time vision problems. The grasping method is experimentally verified using both simple and complex unknown grasping targets. These experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of using the proposed snakes to grasp previously unknown objects in minimally structured environments. We also present a novel method for active monocular depth recovery (second application of our snakes). It combines new, highly stable active deformable models with a structured camera motion along the optical axis to produce depth estimates for all snake control points. The method has a simple formulation and is suitable for real-time, vision-based robotic applications. Experiments with a variety of objects and depths demonstrate the practicality of the method. Finally, we present a novel method for localizing miniature mobile robots (Scouts) using dynamic contours. The miniature robot is tracked as it moves and jumps in the environment. The proposed dynamic contours are very effective in tracking the fast accelerations and decelerations of this small robot. We show initial experimental results emphasizing the task of monitoring a Scout's jumps.

Multimedia Key
= Video = Data = Code = Image
Example One: PUMA tracking a turntable. (4.5MB)
Example Two: PUMA grasping a soda bottle on wood background. (8.4MB)
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