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Volume 24 Issue 2-3 - Publication Date: 1 February-March 2005
 
A Probability-Based Similarity Measure for Saupe Alignment Tensors with Applications to Residual Dipolar Couplings in NMR Structural Biology
 
A.K. Yan, C.J. Langmead Dartmouth Computer Science Department, Hanover, NH 03755, USA and B.R. Donald 6211 Sudikoff Laboratory, Dartmouth Computer Science Department, Hanover, NH 03755, USA (also at Dartmouth Chemistry Department and Dartmouth Department of Biological Sciences, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
 
High-throughput nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) structural biology and NMR structural genomics pose a fascinating set of geometric challenges. A key bottleneck in NMR structural biology is the resonance assignment problem. We seek to accelerate protein NMR resonance assignment and structure determination by exploiting a priori structural information. In particular, a method known as nuclear vector replacement (NVR) has been proposed as a method for solving the assignment problem given a priori structural information. Among several different types of input data, NVR uses a particular type of NMR data known as residual dipolar couplings (RDCs). The basic physics of RDCs tells us that the data should be explainable by a structural model and set of parameters contained within the "Saupe alignment tensor".
In the NVR algorithm, one estimates the Saupe alignment tensors and then proceeds to refine those estimates. We would like to quantify the accuracy of such estimates, where we compare the estimated Saupe matrix to the correct Saupe matrix. In this work, we propose a way to quantify this comparison. Given a correct Saupe matrix and an estimated Saupe matrix, we compute an upper bound on the probability that a randomly rotated Saupe tensor would have an error smaller than the estimated Saupe matrix. This has the advantage of being a quantified upper bound, which also has a clear interpretation in terms of geometry and probability. While the specific application of our rotation probability results is given to NVR, our novel methods can be used for any RDC-based algorithm to bound the accuracy of the estimated alignment tensors. Furthermore, they could also be used in X-ray crystallography or molecular docking to quantitate the accuracy of calculated rotations of proteins, protein domains, nucleic acids, or small molecules.
 
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