Volume 24 Issue 12 - Publication Date: 1 December 2005
Constructing Task-Level Assembly Strategies in Robot Programming by Demonstration
J. R. Chen Department of Information Engineering, Research School of Information Science and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Programming by demonstration (PbD) is a technique for programming robots that holds much promise in making robots more accessible to ordinary, non-technical users. However, a well-known difficulty with the method is that a human will often demonstrate the task to be programmed inconsistently or even erroneously, leading to the inclusion of what is essentially noise in the demonstration. A number of techniques exist in the literature for filtering out this type of noise; however, most focus on very low level control command details. In this paper, we propose a new, complementary direction of research. We take a “task-level” view of the demonstration, and note that noise can exist at this level also.We propose a framework, based on a hybrid dynamic system modeling approach, to select the most optimal, task-level execution strategies that were demonstrated. We apply our framework to a real household task of inserting the compressible spindle of a paper towel holder into its supports. We conduct experiments to show that significant improvements in robot performance of the task can be achieved by a PbD regime that includes our method.
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