Volume 25 Issue 8 - Publication Date: 1 August 2006
A Framework for the Control of Nonholonomic Mobile Manipulators
Matthieu Fruchard, Pascal Morin and Claude Samson INRIA, 2004, Route des Lucioles, 06902 Sophia-Antipolis Cedex, France
A general framework for the feedback control of mobile manipulators is proposed. Its main originality lies in its capacity to address in a unified manner both cases of omnidirectional and nonholonomic mobile platforms. It also allows for the execution of the desired manipulation task without the manipulator colliding into its joint limits, whenever these two objectives are compatible. This is obtained without having to rely upon trajectory planning. In the nonholonomic case this feature, which is not demonstrated for previous feedback control schemes proposed in the literature, is instrumental for performing reflex maneuvers automatically. It relies upon the concept, used in the control design, of a companion omnidirectional frame associated with the physical platform. The generality of the approach can be appreciated from its applicability to various nonholonomic platforms, for example unicycle-type and car-like.
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