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Volume 26 Issue 8 - Publication Date: 1 August 2007
 
Data Structures for Efficient Dynamic Processing in 3-D
 
J.-F. Lalonde, N. Vandapel, and M. Hebert Carnegie Mellon University, The Robotics Institute Newell Simon Hall 5000 Forbes Avenue Pittsburgh,15213, PA, USA
 
This paper considers the problem of the dynamic processing of large amounts of sparse three-dimensional data. It is assumed that computations are performed in a neighborhood defined around each point in order to retrieve local properties. This general kind of processing can be applied to a wide variety of problems. A new, efficient data structure and corresponding algorithms are proposed that significantly improve the speed of the range search operation and that are suitable for on-line operation where data is accumulated dynamically. The method relies on taking advantage of overlapping neighborhoods and the reuse of previously computed data as the algorithm scans each data point. To demonstrate the dynamic capabilities of the data structure, data obtained from a laser radar mounted on a ground mobile robot operating in complex, outdoor environments is used. It is shown that this approach considerably improves the speed of an established 3-D perception processing algorithm.
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